‘Die Erde wie sie jezt bekant’ C.B. and J.C.B. in Nbg.


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Fine double pocket globe. [The Earth as it is now known]. A very desirable terrestrial and celestial “Mother and Child”, or double globe; the terrestrial globe with 12 beautiful original hand-coloured engraved paper gores over a plaster sphere. All are nicely housed within the celestial globe made of two wooden hemispheres, each covered with 12 glorious engraved paper half-gores, which are both varnished. The celestial globe is clearly marked with “C. B. Nbg.”, ca 6.5 cm., both contained in an original marbled cardboard box, with a Swedish signature, in old ink, on the lid (Johan Wilhelm) and the year 1817 or 1827 inside (indistinct). The gores stretch from pole to pole. The equator ring is graduated, and the circles of declination are every 30 degrees. The Celestial Globe: The gores are separated and are varnished, as is usual. The stars and the constellations are projected externally and are depicted in black and white, in a delightfully refreshing matter-of-fact style, with the emphasis firmly on accuracy rather than decorative merit. All names are in Latin. This globe depicts the classical constellations (Orion, Canis Major, Centaurus…), and the twelve signs of the zodiac (Taurus, Aries, Gemini…) A celestial globe is a three-dimensional map of the stars and has been used since classical times. Celestial globes were first used by Greek astronomers, and later by the Islamic world, where the earliest known globes date from the eleventh century. The stars were thought to sit on the surface of a giant sphere around the earth, and the constant movement of the stars each night and throughout the year appeared to be caused by this giant sphere slowly turning overhead. In line with its counterpart, the terrestrial globe, celestial globes are mapped by a north and a south pole, an equator, and lines of latitude and longitude. The Terrestrial Globe: The globe is in fine original colours, in the main consisting of yellow, pink, and green. For ease of identification and for reference, each continent is coloured differently. The text is in German. Although a pocket globe by sheer necessity is small and compact, they still manage to impart and provide a wealth of cartographic and topographic information, and this lovely globe is no exception. The Pacific region covers an area that encompasses New Zealand, Tahiti, The Sandwich Islands, New Caledonia, the title of the globe, Friedrich Island, North Georgia, and the Marquesas Islands to name but a few. The Atlantic Ocean covers the coastlines of the Americas and Western Africa, and it also embraces the islands of the Azores, St. Helena, Cape Verde, and the Canaries. Interestingly, when you view Australia (Neu Holland), the coastline has been updated and the landmass is now complete and fully joined. Previously, this has not been the case, with Tasmania joined to the mainland, the eastern coastline was either represented, or indistinct at best, and in addition, Papua New Guinea was seen as part of the Australian continent. Van Diemen’s Land and New South Wales are identified. New Zealand is now fully mapped and shows two separate islands. The South Pole takes in the southern tips of South America, Australia and New Zealand, and Southern Africa. The North Pole covers swathes of northern Russia and Siberia, Greenland, Canadian North America, Iceland, The Aleutian Islands, northern Europe, and Scandinavia. North America is seen with the naming of Philadelphia, all the regions of Canada, Mexico, Florida, California, and N. Albion are all identified. The Mississippi River is seen, together with a few rivers running into the Gulf of Mexico from the southwest (today Texas). South America shows the regions of New Granada, Guiana, Chili, and Brazil. It names Quito, Lima, Paraibo, Porto Seguro, Rio de Janeiro, and Buenos Ayres. It shows the Galapagos Islands, it also names the mighty Amazon River and shows the Andes Mountain range. The continent of Asia identified many regions, and names some of the more significant of interesting place names. Regions include Persia, India, Tibet, Mongolia, Siberian Russia, China, Anatolia, Ceylon, Sumatra, the Philippines, and Arabia. Place names are Malabar and Peking. Africa highlights the areas of Egypt, the Sahara, the Barbary Coast, Senegal, Nubia, Guinea, Mozambique, Madagascar, and Zanzibar. There are some strange local names to content with: Hottentots (South Africa), Shaggas (Chaga, Tanzania), and Biafra ((Nigeria). The Nile River is drawn. Europe names only St. Petersburg but identifies ‘White Russia’, Great Britain, Spain, and France. Background Bauer information: Two generations of the Bauer family in Nuremberg acted as fine globemakers at the end of the eighteenth and the first half of the nineteenth centuries. Johann Bernard Bauer (1752-1839) is mentioned as the engraver of a celestial globe by J.G. Klinger in 1790 and as the author of a small terrestrial globe of 1791. His son, Carl Johann Sigmund Bauer (1780-1857) is probably the author of globes signed ‘C.B.’ – the addition of ‘Nbg’ on his celestial globes stands for Nuremberg. Another son, Peter Bauer (1783-1847) also signed his globes with his initials P.B., or with his full name. It may be entirely possible that the globemaker J.C.B., working in Nuremberg was also a member of the family – possibly a third son of Johann Bernard Bauer. Condition: Terrestrial: There has been some professional restoration undertaken to the North Pole region and northern Europe, which originally suffered some losses. Celestial: Some minor losses around the opening, which are still there, and have not been restored. Provenance: Baroness Wibeke Beck-Friis (1916-2008). Literature: Dekker, Elly. (1999). Globes at Greenwich: A Catalogue of Globes and Armillary Spheres at the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich. Oxford: Oxford University Press and the National Maritime Museum. Van der Krogt, Pieter (1993). Globi Neerlandici: the production of globes in the Low Countries. Utrecht, HES. Sumira, Sylvia. The art and history of globes. The British Library, 2014.



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